Dental crowns, also known as dental tooth caps, are one of the most common methods dentists use to repair broken teeth. Nearly 2.3 million crowns are made and placed each year. This restorative process is an excellent option for people who want to forgo more invasive procedures or only require simple repairs. 

But many types of tooth crown material options exist, ranging from porcelain-fused-to-metal to full gold crowns. So, what are the different types of crowns for teeth, and how can you and your dentist choose the best crown material types for your unique needs? Read on to find out! 

What Are Dental Tooth Caps (Crowns)?

Before we explain the different types of teeth crowns, let’s review the purpose of crowns. 

Why is a crown needed on a tooth? Dentists use dental crowns to cover the entire visible part of a broken or cracked tooth. These crowns or “caps” protect teeth from further damage. The initial damage usually results from: 

  • Cavities or tooth decay 
  • Trauma to the mouth 
  • Poor oral hygiene 
  • Worn enamel 

Sometimes, a dentist will recommend a dental implant to treat a broken or decayed tooth instead. In many cases, though, the damaged tooth can be saved and restored to its full functionality with a dental crown. 

A few tooth crown materials include porcelain, metal alloy, and gold. The type of crown varies from case to case and depends on the patient’s unique oral health needs, preferences, and dentist’s recommendation, which we discuss next.

What Are The Different Types Of Teeth Crowns

A variety of crown options are available for restoring damaged teeth. Here are the most common types of crowns. 

1. Porcelain 

Porcelain crowns are one of the most common dental crown material types and are designed to look and feel like natural teeth. A porcelain crown often provides a natural and aesthetically pleasing look compared to other crown options. The downside is that they’re prone to chipping or breaking if you don’t care for them as directed.  

2. Zirconia 

Zirconia is a type of ceramic used to produce durable and attractive crowns. Zirconia crowns are an increasingly popular option because they look and feel more like natural teeth than other materials. They can be designed in a variety of shades, so they blend in with your other teeth.  

3. Gold  

Gold crowns have been used to restore damaged teeth for decades. They’re strong and durable, making them an excellent option for people who don’t want to worry about breaking or chipping. Gold crowns can be more expensive than other materials and gold isn’t the most natural-looking option.

4. E.max 

E.max crowns are made of lithium disilicate, a material known for its durability. Plus, it’s fairly translucent, making it easier to match the color of your existing teeth. This combination comes at a price, though. The cost of e.max dental tooth caps is often higher than other materials because it’s a unique tooth crown material

5. Porcelain-fused-to-metal 

Combining the look and feel of a porcelain crown with the strength of a metal crown, porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns are a great option for people who want the best of both worlds. Though strong underneath, the porcelain might be more prone to chipping than other dental tooth caps, as mentioned earlier.

Regardless of the type of crown you chose, all crowns are designed to last for many years with proper care and maintenance. Choosing the best dental crown from the different types of crowns for teeth is dependent upon your current oral health needs, preferences, and dentist’s recommendation.  

3 Factors To Consider When Choosing Different Types Of Crowns For Teeth 

Each tooth crown material has pros and cons, and the final decision about which crown material type to use should be made with your dentist. But here are some considerations to keep in mind.


The cost of dental tooth caps varies depending on the type and quality of crown you choose. Porcelain, gold, and e.max crowns are typically more expensive than others because of their higher-quality materials. Zirconia is often a more affordable option if you’re on a budget. 


Many patients consider the material’s aesthetic when deciding between the different types of crowns for teeth. Porcelain is often the most natural-looking option, but zirconia and e.max can provide a realistic appearance, too. 

Oral Health 

The condition of your teeth will also determine the right crown material for you. Gold or porcelain-fused-to-metal might be the best option if you have severely damaged or weakened teeth because they’re stronger than other materials. If you want a more natural look without compromising on durability, e.max may a better choice. 

Ultimately, the best dental crown material is the one you select in partnership with your dentist. 

Learn More About Your Crown Options At Northside Dental Co. 

Choosing the best dental crown type for your teeth is an important decision. 

With proper care and maintenance, many different types of crowns for teeth can help restore your smile and keep it looking healthy for years to come. Each material offers benefits and drawbacks, so you’ll want to discuss your options with a dental professional. 

Our experienced dental team can help you make the right decision and will work with you to determine the tooth crown material that meets your needs and budget. Ready to show off a healthy, natural-looking smile? Schedule a consultation at Northside Dental Co. today!